Gastroenteritis or intestinal flu is one of the most common diseases in infants and children. It is a viral or bacterial infection of the lining of the digestive tract, which can cause children to experience some of the most unpleasant symptoms - vomiting, severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever or chills. Here are the symptoms of gastroenteritis in children and what therapeutic measures are most effective for the rapid recovery of children!
Causes of gastroenteritis in children
The causes of gastroenteritis are usually of viral origin. It can be triggered by one of the rotavirus, adenovirus, calcivirus or astrovirus viruses.
The disease can also be caused by a bacterial infection, caused by Salmonella, E. Coli, Staphylococcus or Campylobacter.
Viral gastroenteritis is easily transmitted from one child to another by direct contact or by sharing the same objects or toys. The sick child with intestinal influenza should be isolated from other family members during the infection.
Careful and frequent hand washing with soap and water is the most effective prophylactic method against the spread of the disease.
Symptoms of gastroenteritis in children
The first and main symptom of intestinal flu in children is severe diarrhea, which is often accompanied by vomiting. The child has diarrhea when he has more than 3 watery stools within 24 hours.
Other common manifestations associated with the infection are abdominal cramps, fever, chills and even rhinorrhea or sore throat.
Treatment of gastroenteritis in children
Gastroenteritis is a condition that lasts for up to 3 days, up to a maximum of one week and does not always require medication. Fluid administration is essential during this period, in order to avoid dehydration, which is extremely dangerous in children.
Adapt the diet of the child to the medical condition he has. It is recommended to consume foods that fight diarrhea and which his sensitive stomach can tolerate during the convalescent period: bananas, rice, toast.
In the child's menu should not be found foods high in sugar and fat, natural juices, fruit, carbonated or other foods that could worsen the condition.
Drug treatment is often symptomatic and is recommended only if the manifestations of fever, diarrhea or vomiting are severe and do not pass with other therapeutic measures taken at home.
If the infection is bacterial and the child's condition worsens, the doctor may prescribe antibiotic treatment. However, they are not effective in the case of viral flu of intestinal origin.
It is best to go to the doctor if you notice that you vomit and / or have diarrhea more than two days in a row, if you have traces of blood in your chair or if you feel very nervous and irritated.
Your pediatrician will give you the proper diagnosis and help you take the therapeutic measures necessary for the baby to heal quickly. It will also give you the necessary information to compose the menu during the convalescent period.
Has your child ever had gastroenteritis? How did you help him successfully overcome his symptoms and recover effectively?
Tags Children gastroenteritis Children stomach gastrointestinal disorders Gastrointestinal disorders