The follicle-stimulating hormone is a glycoprotein polypeptide hormone synthesized and secreted by the gonadotropic cells of the anterior pituitary gland.
It has the role of regulating the development and evolution, growth, maturation, respectively the reproductive processes of the body. Together with another hormone, the luteinizing hormone, the follicle-stimulating hormone, also called FHS, it plays a very important role for the reproductive system.
It is one of the most important hormones in the body of women and has a stimulating role for the reproductive health of the reproductive system of the beautiful sex.
As suggested by its disassembly, FHS stimulates the ovaries to produce mature eggs for fertilization. Measurement of the level of this hormone informs specialist physicians about the quality of the eggs, respectively the chances that women have to become pregnant and reproduce.
The representatives of the beautiful sex are born with a fixed number of eggs that they will have throughout their lives. As they get older, their number and quality diminish. One of the ways in which doctors specialized in fertilization can test their quality is even measuring the level of follicle-stimulating hormone.
In principle, the value of this hormone increases as the quality of the eggs decreases, precisely to compensate for these deficiencies and to stimulate the female reproductive system.
The eggs themselves are the ones that communicate to the brain when their quality decreases, thus causing the growth and secretion in larger quantities of certain hormones, which regulate the abilities of the reproductive system, stimulating fertilization.
In order for the FHS level analysis results to be correct, they must be done within a certain period of the menstrual cycle. Most doctors suggest that the third day is the most appropriate time for harvest.
The tests may have normal results in one month and totally different in the following, but the constant and constant increases in follicle-stimulating hormone levels indicate that there is a problem. This does not necessarily mean that a woman with a high level of FHS cannot become pregnant.
There have always been cases that would negate the rule, but, from the point of view of the doctors, the very high level of FHS makes the lack of fertility a difficult problem to treat.
Some of the fertility treatments that doctors recommend for patients suffering from infertility are just increasing the level of follicle-stimulating hormone, by artificial means. But when the patient already has an unusually high FHS, the artificial increase in her level might do her more harm than good.
A woman whose body secretes this hormone in a high quantity has, most likely, a low quality of the eggs she produces and a limited and limited number of them. If she manages to get pregnant, the chances of getting the pregnancy done well are also diminished.
The solution for such cases, from the point of view of the specialists in fertilization, is to use donated eggs from healthy and fertile women.
The FHS level is tested by blood collection, usually on the third day of the menstrual cycle, when the indications regarding the quality and quantity of the ovaries are more accurate. Doctors can figure out, through these tests, whether a woman is approaching menopause.
FHS is also the hormone that fertilization clinics use to stimulate this process. It is also used for in vitro fertilization, precisely because it stimulates the reproductive system and because it can thus help both effective insemination, as well as the health of the mother and baby during the 9 months of pregnancy.
The level of follicle-stimulating hormone in a woman's body increases as she ages, respectively as the number and quality of her eggs decrease.