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Spring diseases in children

Spring diseases in children

Chickenpox, respiratory infections, asthenia and allergies are the most common conditions that occur in children in spring. And this because the rising temperature favors the proliferation of microbes, and the air abounds in particles with potential allergen.

Why are children sick in the spring?

Changing seasons and temperature fluctuations expose both adults and children to various health concerns. Children are affected to a greater extent, because their immune system is still in formation, and the human body is always weaker in the transition from winter to spring. In addition, it is tiring for the child's body to accommodate both in warmer weather and in increasing the number of hours of light.

Chicken pox - one of the most common diseases

Varicella (or vomiting) is the most common contagious disease manifested by hives and is caused by a virus related to the herpes virus. It occurs most frequently in winter and spring, starting in February and until April. Varicella is not considered a serious disease, its complications being rare. The symptoms often improve on their own, without any special treatment, but chickenpox is very contagious. The child with chickenpox should stay home and rest as much as possible.

The main symptom of varicella is the appearance of small bumps all over the body, like mosquito pools, with rapid expansion. These mild causes itching that greatly upset the child. After a few days, the squirrels change their appearance into pustules which gradually cover with a dry crust. The pustules appear first on the head, then on the trunk, arms, legs, nose, mouth, eyes and genital areas. Some children may experience a sore throat, sore throat, or neuralgia (headache) and have a poor overall condition 2 days before the first eruption. These symptoms can last for another 3-4 days, during which the fever stays between 37.7 and 38.8 degrees Celsius.

Most children recover completely after chickenpox and usually get immunity to life. Children who have been vaccinated against chickenpox for a long time are extremely mild in their form.

Keep in mind: if your child has had chickenpox, in no way do they give him aspirin medication. In combination with varicella virus, aspirin can cause Reye syndrome, a condition that attacks the liver and brain, with potentially fatal effects.

Viruses - higher risk of complications in children

With the passage from winter to spring, the viruses decay and begin to circulate from one child to another. In the community, in kindergarten or school, the probability of contacting a respiratory vein in the spring is very high. Viruses are manifested by the sensation of itching and redness in the neck, headache, fever, clogged nose, nasal secretions, cough and muscle aches. Fortunately, most children cope with these diseases.

There is a risk, however, that it will cause complications, so you should consult your pediatrician at the first signs of a cold or flu in order to track the evolution of the disease and the healing process. If the virus is caused by a virus, it is useless to give the little one antibiotics. In case of fever, you can use oral suspensions with antithermal and analgesic effect, which are well tolerated by children and do not contain sugar or preservatives. In addition, these drugs have anti-inflammatory effects and improve the general condition of the child.

Make sure that the medicine chosen corresponds to the child's age and uses it according to the recommendations of the doctor or package leaflet, following the dosage guidelines, depending on the weight of the child.

Springtime in children

Spring abstinence in children is manifested by the lack of vitality, drowsiness and low receptivity to activities that involve high energy consumption. As long as it is a temporary state, which does not last long, you do not have to worry.

Take your baby out as often as possible and adjust their diet to increase their intake of vitamin C, protein and zinc, which helps strengthen the immune system and prevent seasonal colds.

Another symptom of spring asthenia is headache, caused by an increase in intracranial pressure, which can occur right from the first hour of the morning. Pain tends to become more intense when the child interrupts and stretches into bed. To improve the condition of the little one, you can give them an ibuprofen enriched with the aroma of oranges or strawberries.

The lack of appetite is also a sign of asthenia. If the little one refuses to eat as often as in the cold period or does not finish his portion, try to offer him more liquid foods, easy to digest, such as soups, compotes, fruits or natural juices.

Specialists also recommend that you take into account the stages of growth of the child, especially in the first year of life, because they directly influence the appetite of the little one.

Allergies

Allergy is nothing but an exaggerated response of the immune system to harmless substances for most people. Pollen, dust and certain foods are recognized for their potential allergen. 90% of allergic responses to food are caused by the consumption of cow's milk, soy, eggs, wheat, peanuts, nuts, fish and crustaceans.

Symptoms of allergies include eczema on the skin, access to sneeze, cough, inflammation of the eye or conjunctivitis, vomiting and vomiting, hives, oral allergy syndrome, asthma attacks and, in the worst case, anaphylactic shock. If you know that the little one is allergic to mold and dust mites existing in the house, completely cover the sleeping mat, pillows, duvet, blankets and beds in allergen-proof covers. Wash the bed linen weekly at 55-60 and take measures to reduce humidity.

Don't forget to ventilate the room daily and ventilate the kitchen and bathroom to remove steam. At the same time, it is exciting to put the baby to sleep in damp rooms. The risk of pollen allergy decreases on wet and cloudy days. Therefore, a walk after the rain is beneficial. Instead, avoid going out with your baby on dry and hot days.

Tags Allergies of spring Astenia of spring