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Uterine contractions

Uterine contractions

Pregnancy is the period when a woman experiences an amalgam of emotions and transformations.

Although they enjoy the unique period of pregnancy, the thought lies with the unbearable pain that the uterine contractions in labor will cause.

You must know that these contractions do not only occur at the time of birth, but you can experience them throughout the pregnancy, with variations in intensity.

What are pregnancy contractions?

The gestational period extends over a period of 37 to 42 weeks. If you have contractions before week 37, it is called premature birth, and if the contractions occur after the passage of 42 weeks, it means that you have a delayed birth.

Uterine contractions in labor are a pain that every pregnant woman experiences. But they manifest differently from one woman to another.

Types of uterine contractions in pregnancy

There are 2 types of contractions:

  • uterine contractions Braxton Hicks;

  • labor contractions.

Braxton Hicks contractions

These contractions are sporadic and you can experience them throughout the pregnancy or at all.

  • they start about the 6th week of pregnancy, but you may not feel so early;

  • they are felt by most women about mid-pregnancy;

  • the contractions intensify towards the end of the pregnancy;

  • unlike labor contractions, they are not so painful;

  • some pregnant women feel no pain during their time;

  • some women do not feel this type of contraction at all.

Near birth, these contractions are also confused with false birth contractions. Here's how they can manifest themselves:

  • you may feel a tightness of the uterus muscles at irregular intervals or a feeling of tightness in the lower abdomen and belly;

  • sometimes you just feel these contractions, resembling them only with a slight tension;

  • they tend to appear suddenly, but also to disappear spontaneously;

  • they tend to appear in the afternoon or evening;

  • it stops when you change your position or when you go.

Labor contractions

Labor contractions announce the birth of the child. Labor does not happen to all women at the same time. However, as you approach it is possible to feel the baby coiling in the lower area of ​​the uterus (in the pelvis) as it prepares for exit. This can happen a few weeks or even hours before birth. Breaking the water is another clear sign that labor has begun, and shortly after the contractions appear.

Here are their characteristics:

  • appear at regular intervals;

  • usually moves from the back to the abdomen;

  • lasts between 30-70 seconds;

  • they become more and more painful as the time of birth approaches.

Gynecologist Ciprian Pop-Began's advice

Clinical Hospital of Obstetrics-Gynecology Prof. Dr. Panait Sarbu

Uterine contractions during pregnancy, clinically, are of two types: painful and painless.

The painless contractions

To feel them, if the contractions are painless, place the palm of one hand on the tummy, without moving it. If you feel the change in the consistency and eventually the shape of the abdomen, in the sense that it strengthens, being able to even increase its antero-posterior diameter, this can be a contraction.

Painful contractions

As for painful contractions, you will realize their presence due to:

  • their intensity;

  • to systematize the rhythm of appearance;

  • of their increasing intensity.

It is possible that at 35 weeks, uterine contractions may occur without any pathological significance, but this does not necessarily mean that these contractions are sufficiently effective to already produce the baby's birth (which at this age of pregnancy is still a premature birth).

It is also good to report to the obstetrician any symptoms that appeared during the pregnancy and to communicate with him to remove any worries and concerns related to the subsequent evolution of pregnancy and birth.

Lack of confidence leads to and / or can be produced by poor communication, which can have the effect of stressful situations in subsequent evolution.

A good collaboration between you and the attending physician is very important, both in terms of pregnancy evolution and in the birth process.

Tags Uterine contractions Braxton hicks contractions Labor Birth